Black Jack (auch Blackjack) ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in Als Spieler konnte man durch Mitzählen der hohen Karten (Card counting) vorteilhafte Blackjack Basic Strategy - Wizard of Odds. Abgerufen am 8. It shows the optimal strategy to implement in your play without card counting. Hypnosetherapie Frei von Blackjack - Wizard of Odds. Want to learn all there is to. Following is a count of the table games, most of which were open: Roulette: 12; Blackjack: 10; Ultimate Texas Hold 'Em: 3; Baccarat: 3; Caribbean.
American Blackjack TurboBlackjack Double; Blackjack Dealer; Blackjack Deck; Blackjack deutsch; Blackjack true count; Blackjack Tabelle deutsch; blackjack twins wahrscheinlichkeiten blackjack wertung; blackjack wizard of odds; blackjack Wertigkeit; blackjack. Black Jack (auch Blackjack) ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in Als Spieler konnte man durch Mitzählen der hohen Karten (Card counting) vorteilhafte Blackjack Basic Strategy - Wizard of Odds. Abgerufen am 8. The game is based on blackjack with some nice rules thrown in. The best ones are: Five-card Charlie (non-busted five-card hand automatically.
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Share this. On This Page. Card Counting in Baccarat Introduction For decades, I've been saying that for all intents and purposes, baccarat is a game of independent trials.
Effect of Removal The start of any discussion of how card counting can improve your odds in a game like blackjack or baccarat, where multiple hands are played before shuffling, is in studying the effect of removal of any given card.
Effect of Removal Card Player Banker Tie 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Expected Values by Running count Running Count Probability Player EV Banker EV 0.
Level 1 Player Bets Event Pays Probability Return Win 1 0. Level 1 Banker Bets Event Pays Probability Return Win 0. Level 1 Combined Return Table Bet Winning Side Pays Probability Return Player Player 1 0.
Skipping Bad Counts Counts Skipped Ratio Hands Played Hosue Edge None My honest suggestion is to wait and practice more while you build your bankroll.
Then, when you think you're a robot, practice more. NOT just with the cards! I wouldn't advise ANYONE to go play for real money in a casino if they can't even make the simple spread sheet in my OP and figure out what their EV is going to be.
You should know if you go play for 3 hours at that game exactly what your EV is. After you can do that, AND you've practiced until you're a robot, then you're ready to put real money on the line.
Okay, so what does this mean While not looking up the actual numbers I'd take my educated guess that by playing Any more questions please feel free to ask.
Like with my BR of with the spread? Should the RoR be the same as say with the max bets red chipping?
A: Risk of Ruin, summed up in to words, is essentially finding your average bet, the number of times you're going to make that bet, and the standard deviations surrounding your action.
Basically, it's similar to a bell curve when it comes to standard deviation. You have your expected value, plus or minus some number. Well that number is your standard deviation.
Without trying to confuse you too much if you're not familiar with the terms, this means you're trying to figure out both your best case right side of the bell curve and worst case left side of the bell curve scenarios.
This is useful for Risk of Ruin because we want to know if we have enough bank roll to withstand the "worst case scenario. I plugged that spread in to my spreadsheet The average bet is calculated as well.
It is the total amount bet per hands divided by the number of hands actually played since we don't play hands less than TC This comes out to be I'm using the spread from TC -1 to So now I have my average bet.
In order to calculate your standard deviations you need your advantage, and the number of events. The standard deviation past 1 hand can easily be calculated by the following So let's take a look at a couple things.
One, before I get to RoR, let's look at another example of WHY COUNTING WORKS. The rest are just multiplications of each other, BUT the interesting thing is as you reach a million hands.
A professional actually playing 40 hours per week not counting scouting, traveling, etc plays a total of hours per year.
If this pro finds good conditions and is getting hands per hour, then they are playing , hands per year. This should tell you that it would even take a pro 5 years to reach a million hands Sometimes playing conditions will define what spread you can get away with, which would drive your bankroll requirements.
Using Kelly Criterion you can determine what your average bet should be, as well as your bet spread. This is for a Vegas trip where I planned to play 3, hands.
Break them down one at a time. First, I used an online calculator listed above to get the house edge of the game I'm interested in.
Secondly, I looked up the Frequencies in which the True Counts appear for the number of decks in my game you can find them in Wong's book or online by googling 'Blackjack hand frequencies double deck'.
Third, I took each TC and calculated the new advantage. Thus, if you're playing a 'standard' game where the house edge is -.
Once you have these factors, the rest are pure calculations. Play with the bet spread you believe you are a comfortable with, and b can get away with at the casino.
From there the calculations are spelled out, except Gain Per Hand:. Thus, if you remove all of the bad counts by sitting out, leaving, etc, then your hourly EV will go up a significant amount.
Is your bankroll replenishable? It comes down to this: Find out what table limits you are comfortable playing at, pick a spread, and compare.
So unlike the advice your mother gave you when you were younger, my advice to you is… play with it! Start out with a spread for 6 or 8 decks, and a spread for DD, at the limits you want to play.
See where you stack up not actually at the tables, but on paper. Another note to be made is you do not have to have your entire bankroll on you when you go to play.
I practiced for hours a night for months on end. I was a machine. So what did I do? I played it… Spreading over 2 hands each hand.
A VERY simple and very barely profitable spread that would be simple to remember, thus good for practice, would be a spread.
Whatever the true count is, that should be your bet. These are things you must learn with experience per casino.
The reason I listed this near the bottom is from my own experience. You will not make millions of dollars especially non professionals.
This can be an indicator of your play after a while. There are four main reasons the game is profitable:.
This can be quite frustrating when you count all night, put out your big bet, and the dealer gets the blackjack instead of your hand.
This can be frustrating after counting for hours for a positive shoe then losing all your big bets. This can be maddening when you have losing streaks that gofor days, weeks, or even months.
I personally have had months of losing that ended up balancing out to my EV over time. It made me question everything I was doing and reevaluate my play to see what I could do better.
You WILL question whether or not counting works. This is where all of those fun stats about your play can be quite handy. If you are not a professional then you should do this for your own reasons, but one of them should not be to become rich; I personally do it for fun.
I have a math minor and enjoy probabilities. I love using my brain to flip those odds back at the casino. I do it because I believe casinos prey on the weak minded.
Now, you're ready to hit the tables. When it comes to counting cards and blackjack I always say: Don't think you have a winning game, know you have a winning game.
I'm glad you found the article useful There's always something new to learn! Feel free to ask questions here or in the forums if you have any.
Thanks Romes - great article, has given me a few things to think about. I especially like the advice to new players that being an AP is not just knowing how to count cards - there's more to it than that.
The only problem that I have with this VERY well-penned article is the often promulgated nonsense that Edward Thorpe invented Card Counting. I haven't studied if counting this game is more profitable than the single-deck game, but I would be interested to hear from anyone who is doing as you suggest.
Yes, I've seen that bet in Tunica. I address it in my blackjack appendix 8. I agree that side bet would seem very countable.
You're welcome! Casinos generally try to keep the maximum bet about to times the minimum bet. The answer seems to be that casinos like to corral their big bettors into certain areas.
Such high-limit areas tend to have the best staff and surveillance. Limiting the ratio of maximum to minimum bet is also a defense against cheating and advantage play.
The advantage of card counting depends on how good and aggressive the card counter is. Other than my introduction to card counting , I leave that topic to other gambling writers.
As a card counter it would probably be safe to use a true count from just the last hand played and off the top of a shoe.
To be honest with you I forget the running count myself sometimes. Other than that all I can suggest is play more.
The more you play the easier it should become. Thanks for the compliments. Most online casinos shuffle the cards after every hand. At single deck casinos Boss Media version 1, Microgaming, Unified Gaming you can use the cards already on the table to alter your play sometimes.
See my blackjack appendix3A for all the details. There are some casinos that play into a shoe a little way but not far, and have restrictive betting limits.
I have yet to be convinced of any worthwhile opportunity on the Internet to count cards. If you can count down one deck you can count down six.
It is just a matter of counting longer between shuffles. Sports betting is not my strong point, although I plan to learn more about it when I have the time.
I will say it is hard to compare the profitability of sports betting to card counting. Card counting is very technical and by the book.
Making money sports betting requires more judgement and is more subject to opinion. There are various strategies one can employ to make money sports betting, for example looking to arbitrage games by taking both sides at different casinos under different point spreads, looking to exploit unusual proposition bets, or going after correlated parlays.
This is an oversimplified method of counting cards. Better yet survey all the cards on the table. If you see a lot of small cards, especially fives and sixes, and few large cards, especially aces, then raise your bet.
If you see the opposite then lower your bet. The fewer the decks the better this will work. Mathematically speaking this is the same as playing from an eight deck game.
Players have been known to be fooled, incorrectly thinking these are double deck games. For card counting purposes the penetration is 50 out of , or This would be a good time to either bet small, go to the bathroom, or just leave, depending on your style of play.
Personally I hate bouncing up and down and would just bet small. There are lots of books that explain specifically how to count cards. However for the amateur if you see a disproportionate number of tens and aces leave the deck bet less.
Likewise bet more if lots of small cards leave the deck, especially fives and sixes. Thanks for your kind words about my site. My educated guess is that if the index numbers were not rounded then it would be greater than 0 but less than one half.
So it is getting rounded down to zero. Making the index number 1 would result in more of a rounded error, causing players in slightly positive decks to hit when they should stand.
Every legitimate blackjack expert agrees the house edge decreases as the number of decks goes down, all other rules being equal. However it is hard to explain why.
First, it is true that you are more likely to get one small card and one big card in single-deck than multiple-deck. Although stiffs can cut both ways the player has the free will to stand, the dealer must always hit them.
Have a look at Beejack. Most, but not all, casinos shuffle after every hand. I don't know if it practical to actually use this product.
If you try it please let me know how you do, I might like to try it myself. Note: The link to Beejack was removed in , due to a potential virus with that site.
Proceed there with caution. Without knowing anything else, if you lost the last hand in blackjack then it is slightly more likely that more small cards than large just left the deck.
This would make the remaining deck more large card rich and thus lower the house edge. However I speculate this is an extremely small effect.
Yet it does go to show that if you must use a betting system one that increases the bet after a loss is better than one that increases after a win.
I hesitate to put this in writing at all because again the effect is probably very small and I fear system sellers will misquote me and imply I endorse any system, which I DO NOT.
No, it would be both harder and less powerful to only count the large cards. So most cards offset each other and the running count tends to stay close to zero.
So you are only keeping track of one number. If you only tracked high cards the total would run high and then you would have to carefully divide it by the number of remaining cards.
Even assuming you were good at estimating the number of remaining cards the division would be difficult to do well.
Is it useless or simply not as effective for other card games like baccarat? Thanks for the kind words.
To answer question one, baccarat is not countable for all practical purposes. I have wondered about your second question myself. My blackjack appendix 7 shows that removing a 2 from each deck adds 0.
So if you must track only one the 2 is better. The Knockout Count tracks both the 2 and 7. That tactic is only allowed in cases of cheating.
However it still has been known to happen. Fortunately in such cases where the counter sued the case the counter won. If I may say I think Canada is more mellow and non-confrontational than the U.
This is also my policy, unless I feel there is no heat at all. There was discussion about this at www. As I recall the consensus was that counting was not as advantageous as in blackjack but you could get away with a lot more.
I know of no published material on this. There is a lot written about card counting simply because the books sell. I suspect many people watch a movie like Rain Man and get interested in card counting.
Then they buy a book and realize it is too hard or give it a try and get discouraged because they lose. Only the most patient, devoted, and well financed players stick with it.
You could test for how often the same card appears in two consecutive hands. If you see fewer repeats than would argue that the cards are not shuffled after every hand.
It is easier, but less reliable, to just ask customer support. It is my policy not to count in Las Vegas.
So I am allowed to play blackjack at all but two casinos locally. However last January I went to Reno and Lake Tahoe for a few days and was told not to play blackjack at four different casinos.
In would say in a large Strip type casino the number of counters who know what they are doing on a given night is in my best guess one half of a single person or two casinos would have one person.
The reason I think it is this low is in my many hundreds of hours at the blackjack tables I only spotted other counters twice.
What I meant was half of one person, or one person for every two casinos. However you were not the only person I confused so I reworded my original answer to say half on one person, not half of everyone playing.
If you are counting cards then it is like decreasing the penetration by one card. The only time I might play for fun is if I am entertaining somebody visiting Vegas and am just out gambling with them.
Otherwise I always look for an edge. I also play new games sometimes just to ensure that I understand the rules correctly.
The easiest counting method is what I call the "eyeball" method, in which if you see lots of small cards come out then increase your bet, and vise versa.
However this is better suited to one and two deck games. This requires only counting aces and fives. According to Ken Uston in Million Dollar Blackjack this give the player an additional 0.
That is enough to overcome the house edge in most games. Face down. Not being allowed to see other player cards until the end of the hand gives the player less information, which works against card counters.
Basically this looks like a two-way clicker to help the player keep track of the running count in blackjack. From what I read there is no true count conversion or index number help.
Still knowing the running count and betting accordingly is much better than not counting at all. It is also a clever disguise.
However be aware that using any device to help calculate the probabilities on any game in a Nevada casinos is a felony and carries a punishment comparable to bank robbery.
If the counter were tipping then the dealer has the choice of not telling and getting more tips or tattling to get on the good side of casino management.
I think it in large part comes down to the attitude of the dealer, whether he is rooting for the player or the casino. Dealers who are loyal to their employer first will probably tell, and tipping may not help.
In my opinion dealers loyal to the casino are more likely to be women than men and Asians over any other race. The decision to tip is hotly debated in the counting community and many counters follow the Stanford Wong philosophy of only tipping if the cover it buys you is more than in value than the tip itself.
This may explain the joke that the difference between a counter and a canoe is that a canoe sometimes tips. Other counters tip anyway whether they think it buys them cover or not because they believe in tipping.
There is still some point, especially with a full table. In the game with a three-card guarantee the average advantage goes up to Flat betting and only five spots, I think not.
However if you bet seven spots and progressively more on each spot to be played then yes. This is called depth charging and is treated lightly in the book Burning the Tables in Las Vegas by Ian Andersen.
In all honesty this is an old question but I got a better answer from Chris F.. A good example of this is that in single deck the correct play is to stand on 7,7 against a 10, because half of the sevens in the deck are already gone, and that is what you need to beat a dealer 20 with 3 cards.
Either way two cards that would bust the player by hitting have been removed. So the deck is slightly rich in small cards that will not bust the player, giving the player an incentive to hit.
While this is true I was skeptical because in an infinite deck game the odds still favor hitting. However except in a few Internet casinos an infinite deck is just an abstraction.
Then I gave the dealer a 10 and myself a 10 and 6. So the player was playing this hand against a neutral deck with 31 of each card A-9 and tens.
The disadvantages include requiring multiple spotters who can keep an accurate count, splitting the "take" among all members of the team, requiring spotters to play a table regardless of the count using only basic strategy, these players will lose money long-term , and requiring signals, which can alert pit bosses.
A simple variation removes the loss of having spotters play; the spotters simply watch the table instead of playing and signal big players to Wong in and out as normal.
The disadvantages of this variation are reduced ability of the spotter and big player to communicate, reduced comps as the spotters are not sitting down, and vastly increased suspicion, as blackjack is not generally considered a spectator sport in casinos except among those actually playing unlike craps , roulette and wheels of fortune which have larger displays and so tend to attract more spectators.
A mathematical principle called the Kelly criterion indicates that bet increases should be proportional to the player advantage.
In practice, this means that the higher the count, the more a player should bet on each hand in order to take advantage of the player edge.
Using this principle, a card counter may elect to vary their bet size in proportion to the advantage dictated by a count creating what is called a "Bet ramp" according to the principles of the Kelly criterion.
A bet ramp is a betting plan with a specific bet size tied to each true count value in such a way that the player is betting proportionally to the player advantage with aims to maximize overall bankroll growth.
Taken to its ultimate conclusion, the Kelly criterion would demand that a player not bet anything at all when the deck does not offer a positive expectation; the "Wonging" strategy described above implements this.
Historically, blackjack played with a perfect basic strategy offered a house edge of less than 0. Advantages of up to 2. The variance in blackjack is high, so generating a sizable profit can take hundreds of hours of play.
Under one set of circumstance, a player with a unit bet spread with only one-deck cut off of a six-deck game will enjoy an advantage of as much as 1.
Instead it comes from the increased probability of blackjacks, increased gain and benefit from doubling, splitting and surrender, and the insurance side bet, which becomes profitable at high counts.
A range of card counting devices are available but are deemed to be illegal in most U. Card counting with the mind is legal, although casinos in the US reserve the right to remove anyone they suspect of using the technique.
Card counting is not illegal under British law, nor is it under federal, state, or local laws in the United States provided that no external card counting device or person assists the player in counting cards.
Still, casinos object to the practice, and try to prevent it,  banning players believed to be counters. In their pursuit to identify card counters, casinos sometimes misidentify and ban players suspected of counting cards even if they do not.
Atlantic City casinos in the US state of New Jersey are forbidden from barring card counters as a result of a New Jersey Supreme Court decision.
In , Ken Uston , a Blackjack Hall of Fame inductee, filed a lawsuit against an Atlantic City casino, claiming that casinos did not have the right to ban skilled players.
The New Jersey Supreme Court agreed,  ruling that "the state's control of Atlantic City's casinos is so complete that only the New Jersey Casino Control Commission has the power to make rules to exclude skillful players.
As they are unable to ban counters even when identified, Atlantic City casinos have increased the use of countermeasures. Macau , the gambling capital of the world and the only legal gambling location in China,  does not technically prohibit card counting but casinos reserve the right to expel or ban any customers, as is the case in the US and Britain.
Monitoring player behavior to assist with detecting the card counters falls into the hands of the on-floor casino personnel " pit bosses " and casino-surveillance personnel, who may use video surveillance "the eye in the sky " as well as computer analysis, to try to spot playing behavior indicative of card counting.
Early counter-strategies featured the dealers learning to count the cards themselves to recognize the patterns in the players.
Many casino chains keep databases of players that they consider undesirable. Casinos can also subscribe to databases of advantage players offered by agencies like Griffin Investigations , Biometrica and OSN Oregon Surveillance Network.
For successful card counters, therefore, skill at "cover" behavior, to hide counting and avoid "drawing heat" and possibly being barred, may be just as important as playing skill.
Detection of card counters will be confirmed after a player is first suspected of counting cards; when seeking card counters, casino employees, whatever their position, could be alerted by many things that are most common when related to card counting but not common for other players.
These include:   . Card counters may make unique playing strategy deviations not normally used by non-counters.
Extremely aggressive plays such as splitting tens and doubling soft 19 and 20 are often called out to the pit to notify them because they are telltale signs of not only card counters but hole carding.
Several semi-automated systems have been designed to aid detection of card counters. The MindPlay system now discontinued scanned card values as the cards were dealt.
The Shuffle Master Intelligent Shoe system also scans card values as cards exit the shoe. Software called Bloodhound and Protec 21  allow voice input of card and bet values, in an attempt to determine the player edge.
A more recent innovation is the use of RFID signatures embedded within the casino chips so that the table can automatically track bet amounts. Automated card-reading technology has known abuse potential in that it can be used to simplify the practice of preferential shuffling —having the dealer reshuffle the cards whenever the odds favor the players.
To comply with licensing regulations, some blackjack protection systems have been designed to delay access to real-time data on remaining cards in the shoe.
With card values, play decisions, and bet decisions conveniently accessible, the casino can analyze bet variation, play accuracy, and play variation.
Bet variation. The simplest way a card counter makes money is to bet more when they have an edge. While playing back the tapes of a recent session of play, software can generate a scatter plot of the amount bet versus the count at the time the bet was made and find the trendline that best fits the scattered points.
If the player is not counting cards, there will be no trend; their bet variation and the count variation will not consistently correlate.
If the player is counting and varying bets according to the count, there will be a trend whose slope reflects the player's average edge from this technique.Although it is nearly impossible to beat the house, it is certainly possible to maximize your odds of success by utilizing proper strategy. These calculators give you the best calculations to show you the house edge in each game as well as the best play for each situation. 7/22/ · Wizard of odds. Thread starter SlyPooch; Start date Jul 21, ; SlyPooch Active Member. Jul 21, #1. Jul 21, #1. i have a question about the wizardofodds blackjack card counter game on the web site maybe somebody can answer. Does it account for cards already dealt as in a real game?. For example, if the count is high am i more likely. Card counting is a casino card game strategy used primarily in the blackjack family of casino games to determine whether the next hand is likely to give a probable advantage to the player or to the dealer. Card counters are a class of advantage players, who attempt to reverse the inherent casino house edge by keeping a running tally of all high and low valued cards seen by the player. Card counting allows .